A treatment that is given in addition to the primary treatment to enhance its effectiveness and reduce the chance of the tumor recurring.
A device used to hold a radioactive source in place during brachytherapy.
Another term for port films, beam films are pictures of the position of the radiation beams used to treat cancer. They are used to verify the position of the beams and confirm that treatment is delivered to the right place.
Pieces of metal alloy that can be used to shape the radiation beam.
An additional dose of radiation that is given after an initial course of radiation to enhance tumor control. A boost may be given to the tumor and areas to which the tumor may have spread.
Internal radiation therapy that involves placing radioactive sources inside or adjacent to the tumor.
A group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably, forming a tumor or mass.
A tube inserted into the body that can be used to deliver radiation during brachytherapy.
Studies that test new cancer therapies.
CT or CAT scan
A computer assisted tomography scan is an X-ray procedure that uses a computer to produce detailed pictures of the body.
High-dose-rate remote afterloading machine
A medical device that allows radiation to be delivered into a patient’s body through catheters during brachytherapy.
Hyperfractionated radiation therapy
A type of radiation therapy in which the radiation doses are divided into smaller amounts (hyperfractionation) and patients undergo radiation treatment more than once a day.
Hypofractionated radiation therapy
A type of radiation therapy in which patients undergo one or just a few treatments.
A device that is used to help a patient remain in the same position during every treatment.
Another term for brachytherapy, internal radiation therapy involves placing radioactive sources inside the patient close to or in the tumor.
Intensity modulated radiation therapy or IMRT
IMRT is a specialized form of external beam therapy that allows radiation to be shaped to fit your tumor.
A form of seed implant where the radioactive sources are placed directly into the tumor, such as the prostate.
A type of brachytherapy where the radioactive seeds are put into a space where the tumor is located, such as the cervix or windpipe.
Cancer that has spread from one part of the body to another, such as from the breast to the lymph nodes or bones.